Ahli Mayat

Saturday, 23 April 2011

10 Historic and Famous Prisons

Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum
Converted in 1975 by the actual Khmer Rouge Regime from that which was once a high school, Tuol Sleng is most likely one of the most scary prisons in the world. Prisoners were routinely tortured in purchase to coerce a confession to whatever crime they'd been charged with. Once these people confessed and named any conspirators, these were then executed. Of the much more than 17, 000 people incarcerated of Tuol Sleng in the actual four years it operated, there are just a few known survivors. After the Vietnamese army discovered the prison in 1979 Tuol Sleng had been turned in to a historical museum memorializing those things of the Khmer Rouge routine.

Port Arthur
Port Arthur is a previous convict colony in Tasmania. Through 1833, until the 1850s, it had been the destination for the toughest of convicted British and Irish crooks and rebellious inmates from additional prisons. Today, many highly identifiable ruins remain, including the penitentiary, a healthcare facility, the insane asylum, and the church built by the convicts. In 1996 Port Arthur became the website of Australia’s deadliest gun massacre whenever a single shooter opened fire on site visitors, killing 35 people.

Hanoi Hilton
The Hoa Loa Jail, sarcastically coined the Hanoi Hilton by United states POWs, was originally built by the actual French to house Vietnamese politics prisoners. The North Vietnamese Military later used the prison to home prisoners of war during the actual Vietnam War. Prisoners incarcerated there have been subject to torture, starvation, as well as murder. Well known figures this kind of as Senator John McCain, James Stockdale and Bud Day were just a couple of the many prisoners of battle that spent time in this particular prison. In 1999 a Hilton Resort opened in Hanoi and had been carefully named the Hilton Hanoi Safari Hotel.

Elmina Castle
Constructed in 1492, Elmina Castle in Ghana may be the oldest European building in living south of the Sahara. For over 3 hundred years, it served as the holding area for people taken against their will to end up being sold into slavery. It wasn't uncommon for slaves to reveal a cell with as numerous as 200 others, cramped together with not really enough space to lie down. Through the 18th century, over 30, 000 slaves were passing through the doorway of No Return each 12 months.

Robben Island
Located just off the actual coast of Cape Town, South Africa, Robben Island offers served many functions over the actual years, including a leper nest at one point. However, it’s the majority of known for serving as the prison under the apartheid routine. Well-known figures such as Nelson Mandela and Kgalema Motlanthe are just a couple of political prisoners that invested time there.

Today Robben Island is really a popular tourist destination and could be reached by ferry from Cape City. The island is an important breeding area for a sizable African Penguin colony.

Chateau d'If
Chateau d’If in France is actually well-known through its use as the setting in the book “The Depend of Monte Cristo” written by Alexander Dumas. From 1634 through the finish of the 19th century, the actual chateau served as a throwing ground for religious and politics prisoners. Following the custom of time, prisoners with wealth or course received better treatment than much less fortunate ones. However, they frequently had to pay for the actual privilege. It was demilitarized and opened to the general public in 1890 and is now one of probably the most famous prisons in the world.
Devil's Island
Very first opened in 1852 under Emperor Napoleon III’s rule, Devil’s Island penal colony is one of probably the most infamous prisons in history. Throughout its 94 years of procedure, this historic prison was house to everyone from political criminals to hardened criminals. Prisoners which attempted escape faced piranha-infested streams and thick jungle. The autobiography of previous inmate Henri Charrière describes several alleged escape attempts. In 1973 the actual book was made into the actual movie Papillon starring Steve McQueen as well as Dustin Hoffman.

Tower of London
Now house to the British Crown Gems, the Tower of London served as the prison from 1100 to the actual mid twentieth century. This offers led to the phrase “sent to the actual Tower”, meaning imprisoned. Famous criminals include Sir Thomas More, Full Henry VI, Anne Boleyn as well as Catherine Howard (wives of Full Henry VIII) and Rudolph Hess. The Tower of London is reputedly probably the most haunted building in England. There has been tales of ghosts, including which of Anne Boleyn, inhabiting the actual tower.

Alcatraz, perhaps probably the most famous prison in the United States, was the very first maximum security minimum privilege prison of the nation. It was home to some of probably the most notorious criminals of the period including Al Capone and Device Gun Kelly. Located on a rocky isle surrounded by the freezing water of Bay area Bay, Alcatraz was believed to end up being inescapable. Of the 36 males that attempted escape, 23 had been caught, 6 were shot as well as killed, and 2 drowned. The remaining 5 were in no way seen again after their escape attempt which is believed that they drowned. Their health have never been recovered.
Goree Island
1000's of slaves passed through Goree Island in Senegal before France eliminated the slave trade in 1848. The Maison des Esclaves, better known as the home of Slaves, is just one of the actual places on the island that held slaves before these were put on ships bound for the brand new World. The museum now acts as a pilgrimage site for numerous African-Americans tracing their roots.

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